If your child develops a sore throat or fever, see a health care professional right away. He or she may need a throat swab to evaluate for a streptococcal infection. This is usually done with a rapid antigen detection test, sometimes called a rapid strep test. In some cases, a throat culture will also be obtained. Taking the full course of antibiotic medicine, as prescribed by your doctor, will help clear the bacteria and allow your child to return to school or nursery school sooner.
How is scarlet fever treated?
Scarlet fever usually follows from a Group A scarlatina poze limba infection that involves strep throat (streptococcal pharyngitis). Often the tonsils and back of the throat will be covered with a whitish coating, a condition known as pharyngotonsillitis. The tongue will be red, bumpy and dotted with whitish or yellowish specks of pus, a condition known as a strawberry tongue. Other symptoms of scarlet fever include chills, headache, body aches, a loss of appetite and sometimes vomiting or diarrhea.
You can get by touching mucus or saliva from someone with the illness, or touching surfaces contaminated by the bacteria such as cups, plates, pens, toys or the nose and mouth of a sick person. You can also catch the infection by breathing in airborne droplets that contain the bacteria or the toxin they produce.
A rash that looks like this can also occur with other conditions such as allergy or contact dermatitis, or drug eruption. It can also be a feature of Kawasaki disease, which is a different illness in children that starts with a painful fever, desquamation of the palms and soles, and a reddish-brown, macular rash that looks somewhat similar to a strep throat rash.